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        美國三種病毒并行,新冠住院人數攀升

        美國三種病毒并行,新冠住院人數攀升

        L'OREAL THOMPSON PAYTON 2022-11-02
        專家警告稱,今冬美國可能面臨“三重流行病”——新冠、流感和呼吸道合胞病毒(RSV)并行。

        美國疾病控制與預防中心表示,美國新冠確診患者住院人數增加了1%。照片來源:蓋蒂圖片社

        專家警告稱,今冬美國可能面臨“三重流行病”——新冠、流感和呼吸道合胞病毒(RSV)并行,與此同時,新冠住院人數自7月以來首次出現攀升。但新冠并不是唯一一種呈正在蔓延的病毒。

        近期RSV感染病例激增已經引起了醫療界的擔憂。根據美國疾病控制與預防中心的數據,每年約有5.8萬名5歲以下兒童因RSV感染住院。在最近這波RSV傳播中,多家兒童醫院已經滿負荷運轉。

        “這些病毒并不新鮮,但過去幾年,因為常戴口罩和各項隔離措施,我們暴露在這些病毒中的幾率減小了,”加州一會員制基礎醫療機構One Medical的兒科醫生樂安說:“隨著人們恢復正常生活,開始上線下課,去辦公室工作,暴露在病毒中的風險也隨之增高。這就意味著,要想同時應對這三重威脅,采取防護性和預防性措施比以往任何時候都更加重要?!?/p>

        美國疾病控制與預防中心報告稱,美國新冠確診患者住院人數增加了1%。其中,住院人數最多的州是緬因州,盡管該州的全程疫苗接種率在全國名列前茅,全程接種意味著已經打完了基礎免疫要求的全部劑次(無論是一針還是兩針),而且最后一針接種完成已滿兩周。

        美國衛生部的數據顯示,緬因州10%的住院床位被用于收治確診或疑似新冠病例。北卡羅來納州和特拉華州緊隨其后,新冠患者分別占據了8%和7%的床位。

        雖然接種疫苗和加強針可以降低出現重癥、住院和死亡的風險,但并不能完全保護你不感染;但是,隨著美國進入流感季,強烈鼓勵人們接種新冠疫苗和流感疫苗。

        “預防措施還包括在公共場所和辦公場所與他人密切接觸時要佩戴口罩,或者周圍有人出現上呼吸道感染癥狀時戴上口罩?!币晾Z伊州芝加哥市的家庭醫生馬克·拉夫曼說:“當前,在嬰兒和其他最脆弱群體的保護中,我認為重點是,應避免與任何病人或近期與病人有過密接的人接觸,同時在出現任何一點污染風險時,都要嚴格保持手部衛生和物體表面的清潔?!?/p>

        新冠住院比率最高的州:

        1.緬因州

        2.北卡羅萊納州

        3.特拉華州

        4.馬里蘭州

        5.明尼蘇達州

        6.紐約州

        7.佛蒙特州

        8.康涅狄格州

        9.密歇根州

        10.密蘇里州(財富中文網)

        譯者:Agatha

        專家警告稱,今冬美國可能面臨“三重流行病”——新冠、流感和呼吸道合胞病毒(RSV)并行,與此同時,新冠住院人數自7月以來首次出現攀升。但新冠并不是唯一一種呈正在蔓延的病毒。

        近期RSV感染病例激增已經引起了醫療界的擔憂。根據美國疾病控制與預防中心的數據,每年約有5.8萬名5歲以下兒童因RSV感染住院。在最近這波RSV傳播中,多家兒童醫院已經滿負荷運轉。

        “這些病毒并不新鮮,但過去幾年,因為常戴口罩和各項隔離措施,我們暴露在這些病毒中的幾率減小了,”加州一會員制基礎醫療機構One Medical的兒科醫生樂安說:“隨著人們恢復正常生活,開始上線下課,去辦公室工作,暴露在病毒中的風險也隨之增高。這就意味著,要想同時應對這三重威脅,采取防護性和預防性措施比以往任何時候都更加重要?!?/p>

        美國疾病控制與預防中心報告稱,美國新冠確診患者住院人數增加了1%。其中,住院人數最多的州是緬因州,盡管該州的全程疫苗接種率在全國名列前茅,全程接種意味著已經打完了基礎免疫要求的全部劑次(無論是一針還是兩針),而且最后一針接種完成已滿兩周。

        美國衛生部的數據顯示,緬因州10%的住院床位被用于收治確診或疑似新冠病例。北卡羅來納州和特拉華州緊隨其后,新冠患者分別占據了8%和7%的床位。

        雖然接種疫苗和加強針可以降低出現重癥、住院和死亡的風險,但并不能完全保護你不感染;但是,隨著美國進入流感季,強烈鼓勵人們接種新冠疫苗和流感疫苗。

        “預防措施還包括在公共場所和辦公場所與他人密切接觸時要佩戴口罩,或者周圍有人出現上呼吸道感染癥狀時戴上口罩?!币晾Z伊州芝加哥市的家庭醫生馬克·拉夫曼說:“當前,在嬰兒和其他最脆弱群體的保護中,我認為重點是,應避免與任何病人或近期與病人有過密接的人接觸,同時在出現任何一點污染風險時,都要嚴格保持手部衛生和物體表面的清潔?!?/p>

        新冠住院比率最高的州:

        1.緬因州

        2.北卡羅萊納州

        3.特拉華州

        4.馬里蘭州

        5.明尼蘇達州

        6.紐約州

        7.佛蒙特州

        8.康涅狄格州

        9.密歇根州

        10.密蘇里州(財富中文網)

        譯者:Agatha

        As experts warn of a potential “tripledemic” this winter—the convergence of COVID, flu, and RSV (also known as respiratory syncytial virus), COVID hospitalizations rates are climbing for the first time since July. But it’s not the only virus on the rise.

        The recent surge in RSV is causing concerns for doctors. Each year, approximately 58,000 children under 5 are hospitalized due to RSV infection, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. And with the recent surge, many children’s hospitals are already at capacity.

        “These viruses are not new, but we have had less exposure to them in the past couple of years due to masking and quarantining measures,” says Dr. Anh Le, a California-based pediatrician with One Medical, a membership-based primary care practice. “Now that people have started to go back to normalcy, with in-person schooling and office work, we have more opportunities for exposure. What this means for us in trying to approach this triple threat is that preventative measures and precautions are more important than ever.

        The CDC reports a 1% increase in new admissions of patients with confirmed COVID-19 in the U.S. The state with the most COVID hospitalizations is Maine even though it has one of the country’s highest full vaccination rates, which means a person has received their primary series of vaccinations (whether that’s one or two doses) and two weeks have passed since their last dose.

        According to data from the United States Department of Health and Human Services, 10% of Maine’s inpatient beds are being used for people who have confirmed or suspected cases of the virus. North Carolina and Delaware follow, with 8% and 7% of hospital beds being used for COVID patients, respectively.

        While getting vaccinated and boosted against COVID reduces your risk of severe illness, hospitalization or death, it does not prevent you from getting the virus altogether; however, both COVID and flu shots are highly encouraged as America enters flu season.

        “Preventive efforts also include wearing a mask when in close contact with others in the public and the workplace, and when around anyone who has symptoms of an upper respiratory tract infection,” says Dr. Mark T. Loafman, a family physician based in Chicago, Illinois. “With the goal of protecting infants and other populations who are most vulnerable right now, I would recommend focusing on avoiding contact with anyone who is ill or who has been in recent contact with someone ill, along with strict hand hygiene and surface cleansing when there is any risk of contamination.”

        States with the most COVID hospitalizations:

        1. Maine

        2. North Carolina

        3. Delaware

        4. Maryland

        5. Minnesota

        6. New York

        7. Vermont

        8. Connecticut

        9. Michigan

        10. Missouri

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